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Negative Values

1) It is narrated on the authority of Abu Umama that the Messenger of Allah (Sall Allah-o-alaihe wa sallam) observed: He who appropriated the right of a Muslim by (swearing false) oath, Allah would make Hell-Fire necessary for him and would declare Paradise forbidden for him. A person said to him: Messenger of Allah, even if it is something insignifi­cant? He (the Holy Prophet) replied: (Yes) even if it is the twig of the arak tree.    

It is narrated on the authority of ‘Abdullah (b. ‘Umar) that the Messenger of Allah (Sall Allah-o-alaihe wa sallam) observed: He who per­jured with a view to appropriating the property of a Muslim, and he is in fact a liar, would meet Allah in a state that He would be angry with him. He (the narrator) said: There came Ash’ath b. Qais and said (to the people): What does ‘Abu ‘Abdur Rahman (the Kunya of ‘Abdullah b. ‘Umar) narrated to you?  They replied: So and so. Upon this he remarked: Abu ‘Abdur Rahman told the truth. This (command) has been revealed in my case. There was a piece of land in Yemen over which I and another person had a claim. I brought the dispute with him to the Apostle of Allah (Sall Allah-o-alaihe wa sallam) (to decide). He (the Holy Prophet) said: Can you produce an evidence (in your sup­port)? I said: No. He (the Holy Prophet) observed: (Then the decision would be made) on his oath. I said: He would readily take an oath. Upon this the Messenger of Allah (Sall Allah-o-alaihe wa sallam) remarked: He who perjured for appropriating the wealth of a Muslim, whereas he is a liar, would meet Allah while He would be angry with him. This verse was then revealed: “Verily those who barter Allah’s covenant and their oaths at a small price. . . .”


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It is narrated on the authority of Wa‘il by his son ‘Alqama that there came a person from Hadramaut and another one from Kinda to the Apostle (Sall Allah-o-alaihe wa sallam). One who had come from Hadramaut said: Messenger of Allah, verily this man has appropriated my land which belonged to my father. The one who had come from Kinda contended: This is my land and is in my possession; 1 cultivate it. There is no right for him in it. The Messenger of Allah said to the Hadramite: Have you any evidence (to support you)? He replied in the negative. He (the Apostle of Allah) said: Then your case is to be decided on his oath. He (the Hadramite) said: Messenger of Allah, he is a liar and cares not what he swears and has no regard for anything. Upon this he (the Messenger of Allah) remarked: For you then there is no other help to it. He (the man from Kinda) set out to take an oath. When he turned his back the Messenger of Allah (Sall Allah-o-alaihe wa sallam) observed: if he took an oath on his property with a view to usurping it, he would certainly meet his Lord in a state that He would turn away from him.

2) Sa‘id b. Zaid b. ‘Amr b. Nufail (Allah be pleased with them) re­ported Allah’s Messenger (Sall Allah-o-alaihe wa sallam) as saying: He who wrongly took a span of land, Allah shall make him carry around his neck seven earths.           

Sa‘id b. Zaid b. ‘Amr b. Nufail (Allah be pleased with them) reported that Arwa (bint Uwais) disputed with him (in regard to part of the land) of his house. He said: Leave it and take off your claim from it, for I heard Allah’s Messenger (Sall Allah-o-alaihe wa sallam) as saying: He who took a span of land without his right would be made to wear around his neck seven earths on the Day of Resurrection. He (Sa‘id b. Zaid) said: O Allah, make her blind if she has told a lie and make her grave in her house. He (the narrator) said: I saw her blind groping (her way) by touching the walls and saying: The curse of Sa‘id b. Zaid has hit me. And it so happened that as she was walking in her house, she passed by a well in her house and fell therein and that became her grave.

3) Jabir b. ‘Abdullah reported that Allah’s Messenger (Sall Allah-o-alaihe wa sallam) said: Be on your guard against committing oppression, for oppression is a darkness on the Day of Resurrection, and be on your guard against pettimindedness for pettimindedness destroyed those who were before you, as it incited them to shed blood and make lawful what was unlawful for them.           

Abu Huraira reported Allah’s Messenger (Sall Allah-o-alaihe wa sallam) as saying: Do you know who is poor? They (the Companions of the Holy Prophet) said: A poor man amongst us is one who has neither dirham with him nor wealth. He (the Holy Prophet) said: The poor of my Umma would be he who would come on the Day of Resurrection with prayers and fasts and zakah but (he would find himself bankrupt on that day as he would have exhausted his funds of virtues) since he hurled abuses upon others, brought calumny against others and unlaw­fully consumed the wealth of others and shed the blood of others and beat others, and his virtues would be credited to the account of those (who suffered at his hand). And if his good deeds fall short to clear the account. then their sins would be entered in (his account) and he would be thrown in the Hell-Fire.

Abu Huraira reported Allah’s Messenger (Sall Allah-o-alaihe wa sallam) as saying. The claimants would get their claims on the Day of Resur­rection so much so that the hornless sheep would get its claim from the horned sheep.

 

Source: Economic Teachings of Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him): A Select Anthology of Hadith Literature on Economics, Muhammad Akram Khan. Republished with permission.